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Smithing
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Smithing Guide

Smelting

The first half of the smithing skill is smelting, which is the process of converting your ores into metal bars so that they are ready to be hammered into objects. To smelt an ore, you must 'use' it with a furnace (See image in box). Simply click on the primary ore in your inventory, and then click on the furnace. You will see your character smelting them in the furnace, and as a result, a metal bar will be deposited in your inventory.

Furnace
Furnace Locations
Location Information
Al-Kharid Thes closest furnace to a bank in the free world. Very convenient.
Falador Convenient to use if you have just been mining in the Dwarven Mine. Relatively close to a bank and available to free players.
Lumbridge One of the least used furnaces, the closest bank is in Draynor but its still quite a walk.
Wilderness Eastern Ruins at level 28 wilderness, see map for exact location. Can be used to smelt ores while mining in the nearby Hobgoblin mine.
East Ardougne Members only. Close to a bank and convenient.
Lost City Members only. A bit far from the bank and not too used.
Shilo Village Members only. You need to have started the Shilo Village quest, and it costs 20gp to use every time. However it is one of the closest furnaces to a bank.
Entrana Members Only. Mostly used by players soley glass crafting on the island.
Tyras Camp Members only, and probably the least used furnace ever.
Port Phasmatys Members only. Just across the road from a bank but you will need to wear the Amulet of ghost speak to use the bank. You must also have completed the Ghosts Ahoy quest.

If you have numerous ores to smelt, you can save clicking by using the "Smelt X" feature. Instead of clicking on the ore in your inventory, click on the furnace for the "smelt furnace" option. (Or pick "smelt furnace" from the right-click option list.) After you click on the furnace, you will have a list of bars from which to choose. Clicking one of these bars smelts 1 bar (if you have all the necessary ingredient ores. Right click on any bar to choose to smelt a certain number in one go.

Furnace options

All ores except iron, silver, and gold must be smelted with a secondary ore to produce a metal bar. Tin and copper are used together to make bronze. The making of steel, mith, adamant, rune, and elemental bars requires the addition of coal.

If you have the proper ingredients, you will almost always have a 100% chance of getting a bar from your effort. The ONLY exception is when you are smelting iron ores. These have a 50% chance of conversion, as they are considered to have a chance of being impure. (See additional remarks in the "Notes" column of table below.) Below is a table of the different ores that can be smelted and their details:

Smelting Ores
Metal Ore Plus Produces Level EXP PTS gained Notes
Copper ore
1 Copper
Tin ore
1 Tin
Bronze Bar
1 Bronze
1 6.5 Click on either ore to use with the furnace. It automatically uses the other ore.
Iron Ore
1 Iron
Nothing Iron Bar
1 Iron
15 12.5 Because iron is "impure" there is only a 50% chance of getting a bar on each attempt. When using the Superheat spell or wearing a ring of forging (p2p), you have 100% chance for success. The ring of forging is good for 140 smelts (5 loads).
Elemental Ore
1 Elemental
Coal
4 Coal
Elemental Bar
1 Elemental
20 18 100% chance of success. You can only make elemental metal after completing the Elemental Workshop quest.
Silver Nugget
1 Silver
Nothing Silver Bar
1 Silver
20 13.5 100% chance of success.
Iron ore
1 Iron
Coal
2 Coal
Steel Bar
1 Steel
30 17.5 100% chance of success. Click on any ore. It automatically uses up the others
Gold Nugget
1 Gold
Nothing Gold Bar
1 Gold
40 22.5 100% chance of success. Used in crafting. If you have the Guants of gold smithing, you get 55 exp per bar.
Mith Ore
1 Mithril
Coal
4 Coal
Mith Bar
1 Mithril
50 30 100% chance of success. Click on Mithril ore. It automatically uses up the others
Addy Ore
1 Adamant
Coal
6 Coal
Addy Bar
1 Adamant
70 37.5 100% chance of success. Click on adamantite ore. It automatically uses up the others.
Rune Ore
1 Runite
Coal
8 Coal
Rune Bar
1 Runite
85 50 100% chance of success. Click on runite ore. It automatically uses up the others.
 

Forging

Once you have your metal bars, these can smithed into different objects - weapons, pieces of armour, dart tips and more. To do this, you will need a hammer and metal bars in your inventory. Then, you will need to find an anvil - see image below. Anvils can be found in many places, but Varrock is popular for smithing bars in small lots, since there are 3 anvils there, all near the teleport location. Note: All furnace and anvil locations are shown on the world map. See "Helpful Hints" below for additional thoughts.

Hammer Anvil
Hammer Anvil

Click on the metal in your inventory, and then click on the anvil. A menu of objects you can smith will pop up. Click on the object you want to smith and your character will do so. Alternately, you can right-click on the item and pick the option to make 1, 5, or 10 of the item. This saves a great deal of time and clicking.

Smithing TablesSome objects will use up more than one bar, and if you don't have enough, the number of bars will be in red. If your level is not high enough to smith that object, it's name will be in black rather than white, and when you click on it - it will tell you the smithing level required.

You receive smithing experience per bar that you forge into an object. Smelting and forging ores is considered a good method of making money - as you can sell the end product to shops or other players. You can also use the Low Alchemy and High Alchemy Spells to convert the objects into gold pieces.

 

Smithing Tables

Below is a link to the smithing tables that cover every metal. It will tell you at which level you can smith which object with which metal, and the different experience points you get, as well as more information:

Go To Smithing Tables
 

Helpful Hints

  • The ring of forging is a members' ring that gives the wearer the ability to smelt 140 iron ores without failing. See the crafting guide for details on how to make it.
  • You make elemental ores with the special furnace in the Elemental Workshop. (You can only make a magic shield with the elemental ore after you finish the Elemental Workshop quest.)
  • If smelting large numbers of ores into bars, select a furnace near a bank. (You will, no doubt, have the ore you bought/mined in your bank.) Top choices for smelting are Al Kharid and Zanaris, due to the proximity of the furnace to the bank. Falador -- west bank is a close 3rd choice, down-rated by the typical crowds. You will run the ores to the furnace, then deposit the bars back in your bank.
  • If smithing large numbers of bars, select an anvil near a bank, such as in Varrock, Seers (members), or Yanille(members).
 

Financial Considerations

Basics
Once, in the history of RuneScape, smithing was a means of making money fast. However, it was always a very costly process to advance quickly. You can be sure that there are numerous high level smiths who mined most all of the ores they smithed, but this is a difficult process requiring doubly dedicated people.

As a result, the buying of ores and/or bars is a common process of obtaining the needed raw materials. In this case, questions emerge: Should I smith steel or iron? How much will it cost? How many bars will I need? The available calculators on this site will give you your answer as to how much. Regarding what to smith and how much it will cost, read on.

Details
The mining rate of ores above iron (mithril, adamant, rune) excludes them from being viable options for smithing on a large scale. (Large scale meaning hundreds of thousands of EXP PTS.) These ores are rarely found in sufficient quantities and spawn too slowly. Therefore, mass smithing is generally done using iron ore - smithing steel or iron bars.

Rings of Forging have made smithing, in some ways, easier than before, but mass smithing is still a money-lost operation. How much you lose depends on your cost of materials.Let's start at the end - the payoff. The most money can be made by using the High Alchemy spell on the finished item. The best option is to make plate bodies, as they use 5 bars (saving you time) and yield the most money per bar. Iron plate bodies "alch" for 336 gp, while steel plate bodies alch for 1200 gp. Experience points are also a payoff. Since the magic experience will be the same for either steel or iron, it will not be considered in this discussion. Iron plate gives 125 EXP PTS, while steel gives 187.5 (Smithing only.)

Iron or Steel
At first glance, it seems obvious that steel is a better choice. Indeed, steel has a much higher payoff. However, steel also has a much higher cost of materials. Using the Ring of Forging, each iron plate alched (while wielding a fire staff) requires:

  • 5 iron ore
  • 1 nature rune
  • 5/140 Ring of forging

Steel plate, on the other hand, requires:

  • 5 iron ore
  • 10 coal
  • 1 nature

As you see, the decision as to which metal to smith and the cost to do so is complex. However, the Smithing Planner tool, might be of some help in forming your decision. Please note that on average, free players will need 10 iron ore to smith Iron plates instead of 5 as the ring of forging is for members only. Alternatively, you can use your smithing with your fletching to make arrow heads. These can be sold for good profit or fletched to make arrows. You can then sell the arrow for profit or use them for ranged. However because you will be smithing these one bar at a time rather than five for plate bodies, this will take you a longer amount of time. Best of luck with your smithing, however you go about it, and happy scaping!

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